The correct option that explains the reason why the moon will have greater effect on the tides compared to the sun is;
Option D; The moon is closer to the Earth
- Generally speaking, ocean tides on the earth are caused by both the gravity of the moon and the gravity of the sun.
Now, the mode of generation of ocean tides is not really by the total strength of gravity, but rather by the gravitational gradient.
Gravitational gradient is simply defined as the gravity differences from one spot to the other.
- Now, from research, we know that the sun is far larger than the moon and this means in consequence it will have a far stronger total gravity than that of the moon. However, due to the fact that the moon is closer to the earth than the sun, it means the moon would possess a stronger gravitational gradient than which the sun possesses.
- Now, let's get to ocean tides; The ocean tides arise as a result of the response of ocean water to a gravitational gradient and as a result, the moon will have a greater role in creating tides than that which the sun does.
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